Standing at the starting point of helping China's urban renewal, KKL worked with BAIC group and Beijing Institute of planning and design in 2018 to jointly work and preside over the transformation planning and research work of Beijing gear plant (the core area of Beijing Dingfuzhuang international media corridor), and combined the abandoned plant area with the cultural and creative industry, On the basis of retaining the original plant texture and building structure, the new planning and image updating are carried out, which infuses new blood and vitality into the block.
The whole plant was established in the early 1960s, and has been abandoned after years of use, construction and reconstruction. As the core area of the whole urban block, the whole project has very high demand and conditions for reconstruction and reuse. Due to the limitation of its own functional nature and the imbalance between the development of its surrounding areas, the transformation faces various acute problems, which mainly includes four aspects: 1. The contradiction between the current layout of the plant and the planning of regional roads; 2. There is a contradiction between the existing building space scale and the space scale required by the new content in the plant area; 3. The contradiction between the overall image of the plant and the image of the surrounding community; 4. The existing building ownership and scale of the plant area are unclear.
In order to solve the above problems effectively, KKL classifies the existing buildings from the research and sorting of the current site. From the quality, historical value, cultural value and the degree of difficulty of reconstruction, the existing buildings are divided into three categories: demolition, reservation and renewal (no change in profile), and reserved transformation (changes in the outline), At the same time, after detailed research on the relationship between the plant and its surrounding communities, a part of new indicators are added on the premise of meeting the hard requirements of sunshine and interface, so as to coordinate and balance the various elements needed for plant renewal.
According to the owner's requirements, in addition to transforming existing buildings into cultural and creative space, the plant area needs to build a new parking building and cinema according to the needs of supporting facilities around the area. Therefore, the relationship between the new building and the reserved reconstruction building needs to be studied carefully. KKL starting from the study of the overall spatial relationship of the city, carefully deliberated the overall layout plan of the plant area through the method of comparing multiple schemes. He thought that in any case, the overall texture of the existing plant area should be kept to the greatest extent to inherit its unique cultural attribute, namely, to retain and utilize the most symbolic plant buildings in the plant area, The new building is integrated into the whole environment of the park through organic insertion, forming an image of itself and the surrounding environment.
According to the requirements of Beijing on the renovation and renewal project, the total building area after the transformation shall not exceed the original building area. The most direct way is to completely follow the outline and layout of existing buildings only to update the facade and interior space. However, the original overall layout of the plant itself has a single function space too large, and the function layout is too average In order to solve the problem effectively, KKL proposed to dismantle the existing buildings with low quality and historical value and difficult reconstruction, and redistribute and integrate the demolished area to make the function more centralized and efficient, At the same time, the land after the demolition of existing buildings can be used as the activity square of the project and surrounding areas, providing multi-dimensional outdoor space for the whole urban area.
The core of the whole design process focuses on the attention to the city. KKL does not want to simply transform a project, but rather more about the renewal of urban space brought by it. This is exactly the new goal of urban development in China under the current new historical conditions, namely, gradually changing from incremental mode to stock model, and urban renewal is becoming the main way of urban development, Also by the industry and institutions of high attention.
北京市优秀城乡规划设计一等奖/ First prize of Beijing Excellent Urban and Rural Planning Award